- Not all wounds are emergencies, but please call the vet immediately if your horse sustained one of these:
- Wounds more than skin deep or a few centimetres long
- Any wounds over joints, tendon sheaths or tendons
- Large or bleeding heavily
- Wounds to the eye or surrounding area
- Puncture wounds to the foot (especially if in the central area of the frog)
- Any wound if the horse is not vaccinated against tetanus or his vaccine status is not known
What to do:
- If bleeding heavily, apply pressure until bleeding slows/stops using clean, non-stick pads/ bandages/towels (Don’t panic, a horse can lose 10 litres of blood without causing major problems)
- If contaminated remove soil and hair etc from the wound and cold hose the wound (hosing also helps to stem any bleeding, and reduce swelling).
- Please, NO POULTICES/POWDERS/CREAMS/PURPLE SPRAY. These may prevent accurate assessment of the wound and prevent further treatment such as stitching. However, wound hydrogels, such as vetalintex or intrasite gel, can be used to prevent the wound from drying out as they are easily washed off. Bandage the wound if possible to keep it clean and prevent further contamination whilst waiting for the vet to attend.
- Minor wounds should be cleaned, and then kept clean and protected from flies. Wound hydrogels can be used to keep them moist and promote healing. Any swelling or heat around the wound may indicate infection, and it may be necessary to arrange a visit for appropriate antibiotic treatment.